2011-04-11 03:39:16Another possible effect of increased carbon dioxide - increased hay fever !


This is getting really personal if this is the cause of my hay fever in early spring over the last decade. The grass pollen season is bad enough in June.  This isn't trivial. If confirmed more people could have been affected by this than any other influence of rising CO2 to date.

Carbon emissions linked to Europe's hay fever rise
By Richard Black

The pollen season is getting longer in Europe, partly influenced by climate change Researchers from 13 EU nations analysed pollen levels for more than 20 species of tree and plant.They found that many, including several that cause allergies such as hay fever, correlated with rising CO2 levels. Presenting their study at the European Geosciences Union (EGU) annual meeting, scientists said city planners might need to review which trees they plant.

Hay fever and other allergies appear to be rising across Europe.

In the UK, GP diagnoses of allergic rhinitis, which includes hay fever, rose by a third between 2001 and 2005.
It has been suggested that higher temperatures might be causing plants to produce more pollen. But by comparing pollen counts during relatively hotter and relatively cooler years, this latest study found temperature was not the cause.

Annette Menzel from the Technical University of Munich said other possible factors were eliminated as well.
"We thought the increase in the amount of pollen could be related to land use changes, but we don't observe this," she told BBC News. "We tried to link it to temperature, but that's not possible. "So the only effect that's left would be a CO2 effect; and we know from experiments in the real world and in climate chambers that CO2 does promote the amount of pollen [that trees produce]."

Urban conundrum

Data in the study came from pollen monitoring stations in the 13 nations, supplemented by tree cover information from the UN Food and Agriculture Organization and weather data. Not all the 25 species studied show the same trend - pollen counts from some have actually gone down. But 60% of species have seen an increase in pollen production across the decades of the study period, including nine species known to produce allergenic pollen. There were also differences between trends in different countries, with pollen counts falling in a few.

Perhaps the most intriguing finding was that pollen counts have generally increased with CO2 inside cities, but not outside. The researchers suggest this could be down to the longer lifetime of ozone molecules outside urban areas. The gas is known to disrupt plant growth

2011-04-11 04:12:28


Common ragweed is a notorious producer of pollen likely to trigger allergic reactions.




A correlation has been found between CO2 levels and malformation of pollen.  Could pollen malformation also be a factor in the rise of hayfever?