2012-01-28 02:24:25Believing the Impossible and Conspiracy Theories - Science Blog
John Hartz
John Hartz

Believing the Impossible and Conspiracy Theories

Distrust and paranoia about government has a long history, and the feeling that there is a conspiracy of elites can lead to suspicion for authorities and the claims they make. For some, the attraction of conspiracy theories is so strong that it leads them to endorse entirely contradictory beliefs, according to a study in the current Social Psychological and Personality Science (published by SAGE).

Believing the Impossible and Conspiracy TheoriesPeople who endorse conspiracy theories see authorities as fundamentally deceptive. The conviction that the “official story” is untrue can lead people to believe several alternative theories-despite contradictions among them. “Any conspiracy theory that stands in opposition to the official narrative will gain some degree of endorsement from someone who holds a conpiracist worldview,” according to Michael Wood, Karen Douglas and Robbie Sutton of the University of Kent.

To see if conspiracy views were strong enough to lead to inconsistencies, the researchers asked 137 college students about the death of Princess Diana. The more people thought there “was an official campaign by the intelligence service to assassinate Diana,” the more they also believed that “Diana faked her own death to retreat into isolation.” Of course, Diana cannot be simultaneously dead and alive.

The researchers wanted to know if the contradictory beliefs were due to suspicion of authorities, so they asked 102 college students about the death of Osama bin Laden (OBL). People who believed that “when the raid took place, OBL was already dead,” were significantly more likely to also believe that “OBL is still alive.” Since bin Laden is not Schrödinger’s cat, he must either be alive or dead. The researchers found that the belief that the “actions of the Obama administration indicate that they are hiding some important or damaging piece of information about the raid” was responsible for the connection between the two conspiracy theories. Conspiracy belief is so potent that it will lead to belief in completely inconsistent ideas.

“For conspiracy theorists, those in power are seen as deceptive-even malevolent-and so any official explanation is at a disadvantage, and any alternative explanation is more credible from the start,” said the authors. It is no surprise that fear, mistrust, and even paranoia can lead to muddled thinking; when distrust is engaged, careful reasoning can coast on by. “Believing Osama is still alive,” they write, ‘is no obstacle to believing that he has been dead for years.”

The article “Dead and Alive: Beliefs in Contradictory Conspiracy Theories” in Social Psychological and Personality Science is available free for a limited time at http://m.spp.sagepub.com/content/early/2012/01/18/1948550611434786.full.pdf.

Contact: Michael Wood, Postgraduate Researcher, Department of Psychology, University of Kent, Canterbury, United Kingdom. Phone: +44 (0)1227 823428, Fax: +44 (0)1227 827030, email: mw337@kent.ac.uk.

2012-01-29 17:24:44
Glenn Tamblyn



Let me add my own little conspiracy theory. After a trekking holiday in Nepal I formed the strong view, based on lots of huge posters around Khatmandu, the Elvis Lives. He didn't DIE. He just fled to Nepal and became the King. (The KING, GET IT. ITS SO OBVIOUS) And the Queen was SO OBVIOUSLY Priscilla. How else could one explain the hair. So much HAIR?

So I am ABSOLUTELY CERTAIN THAT ELVIS STILL LIVES. And forget all that rot about the Crown Prince killing the Royal Family. If Elvis could survive Col Tom Parker, a jumped up Nepalese princeling wasn't going to get him.

My current opinion is that THE KING is somewhere in one the OLD Soviet states, one of the 'stans. His name might even be Borat these days.