Sykes-Picot Agreement Significance

So why are commentators and others still focusing on the Sykes-Picot deal 100 years after the fact? After all, this was not the first secret agreement to split the Ottoman Empire between the Allies; This would be the Constantinople Agreement of 1915. The Franco-English statement was read in the minutes, Pichon commented that it showed the disinterested position of the two governments towards the Arabs and Lloyd George, that it was "more important than all the old agreements". [91] Pichon also referred to a February 15 contract proposal, based on the private agreement reached last December between Clemenceau and Lloyd George. [91] (According to Lieshout, just before Faisal made his presentation at the conference on the 6th, Clemenceau gave Lloyd George a proposal that seems to deal with the same subject; Lieshout used related British materials from the 6th dated, while the date is not attested in the minutes. [92]) The agreement was based on the premise that the Triple Entente would succeed during World War I in defeating the Ottoman Empire and was part of a series of secret agreements that preferred its division. The main negotiations that led to the agreement took place between 23 November 1915 and 3 January 1916, during which British and French diplomats Mark Sykes and François Georges-Picot initialled an agreed memorandum. [3] The agreement was ratified by their respective governments on 9 and 16 May 1916. [4] More than a year after the agreement with Russia, British and French representatives, Sir Mark Sykes and François Georges Picot, drafted another secret agreement on the future prey of the First World War. Picot represented a small group determined to ensure France`s control of Syria; For its part, Sykes asked the United Kingdom to compensate for the influence in the region.

The deal largely overlooked the future growth of Arab nationalism, which the British government and military used to their advantage against the Turks. On September 15, the British distributed a memorial aid (which had been discussed privately two days earlier between Lloyd George and Clemenceau [103]) that the British would withdraw their troops to Palestine and Mesopotamia and hand over Damascus, Homs, Hama and Aleppo to Faisal`s troops. While accepting the withdrawal, Clemenceau continued to insist on the Sykes-Picot agreement as the basis for all discussions. [104] Sykes wrote in August a "memorandum on the Asia Minor Agreement," another sign of British discontent with Sykes-Picot, which would amount to advocating his renegotiation to make the French understand that they were "redeeming themselves — that is, if they could not make military efforts consistent with their policies."